Joseph Bernard Hill signature

On this day in 1915, Joseph Bernard Hill enlisted in Kingston. Hill was born in North Tonawanda, New York on November 26th, 1895, the son of Joseph Hill (a Mohawk) and Bernadetta (née Leveque). By 1911 Joseph’s father had died and he was living with his mother and younger brother, Harvard, in Thomas Street, Deseronto.

Joseph joined the 7th brigade of the Canadian Field Artillery and was later transferred to the 5th brigade. He was five feet three and a half inches tall, with a fair complexion, brown eyes and black hair. His regimental number was 89648.

On this day in 1915 a ‘Musical and Literary Entertainment’ was held in Naylor’s Theatre in Deseronto. The concert was performed by Professor Eppes*, a music teacher, and some of his pupils.

Here we have reproduced the programme for the concert, with links to online versions of the various pieces where we have been able to find them, so that you can experience at least some of the concert 100 years later. We’ve even made a playlist of the ones on YouTube.

PROGRAMME

PART I.

1. Trio – ‘Sous les drapeaux de la Glorie’……………………….Blow
MISS CAMPBELL, MR. MAXWELL AND MR. EPPES
2. Piano Duett – ‘Norwegian Hunter’s March’…………………Orem
MISS M. EDWARDS AND MR. EPPS
3. Piano Solo – ‘Dance of the Mermaids’……………………Englemann
MISS MADELINE HAGGERTY
4. Vocal – ‘Nothing too good for the Irish‘……………………………
MISS MARJORIE ARMITAGE
5. Piano Solo – (a) ‘Polonaise Militaire‘ Op. 40 No. 1………Chopin
(b) ‘Berceuse,’ Op. 13 No. 7……………………Ilynsky
6. ‘The Bandelero‘……………………………………………………………..Stuart
MR. HERKIMER AYLSWORTH
7. Piano Solo – (a) ‘Valse in A Minor,’ No. 2, Op. 12………….Greig [Grieg]
(b) ‘Le Maitre a Danses’…………………….Gabriel-Marie
MISS PEARL McCULLOUGH
8. Saxophone Solo – Irish Airs………………………………………….
MR. THOS. MAXWELL
9. Vocal – ‘The Little Hero‘………………………………………..Adams
MR. AYLSWORTH

PART II

1. Trio – ‘Gavotte,’ Op. 57…………………………………….Tourbie
MISS CAMPBELL, MR. MAXWELL AND MR. EPPS
2. Piano Solo – ‘The Minstrel Boy and St. Patrick’s Day,’ Op. 47…Pape
MISS M. MALONEY
3. Vocal – Selected…………………………………
MISS G. CLEMENT
4. Piano Solo – (a) March…………………………………….Gurlitt
(b) Allegro from Quartette in F., No. 10………..Mozart
MISS MARY EDWARDS
5. Vocal – ‘The Wreck of the Hesperus‘…………………….Longfellow
MR AYLSWORTH
6. Piano Solo – (a) Minuett…………………………………….J. D. Brown
(b) Bluette…………………………………….Duvernoy
7. [Recitation?] – Selected………………………..
MISS P. McCULLOUGH
8. Piano Solo – Gavotte…………………………………………Berche
MISS MAE BARTLEY
9. Drill – By the Patriotic Sons and Daughters of the Empire…………….
GOD SAVE THE KING

Musical entertainment program


*William Eppes was born in Quebec City on February 20th, 1875. He married Bessie Alford in Belleville on March 30th, 1899 and by 1901 the couple were living in Tyendinaga. In the 1911 census they were in Mill Street, Deseronto and in 1921 they were living in Dundas Street.

2015.09 two pairs of glasses made by Canada Optical

After the iron we featured a few weeks ago, here are two more examples of Deseronto-made items. These glasses frames were manufactured at the Canada Optical Company’s factory on Main Street in Deseronto, the building which was until recently the Deseronto Fleamarket and which originally contained drying kilns for the Rathbun Company’s lumber business. It is marked number 15 on the detail of the 1895 map below:

Dry kilns and sash factory. c.1895

According to an article in the Quinte Scanner newspaper of October 4th, 1972 this building had several other uses between these two:

The building which is occupied by Canada Optical at present housed a match factory in the 1920’s, a meat packing plant in the early ’30’s and a cheese factory after that. Canada Optical started operations in 1946; in 1947 an extension was added to the factory, this consisted of an old hanger from the nearby wartime airfield.

At this time the firm was called the Canada Zyl Company, (it is still known by this name to local residents) and was producing four or five different types of spectacle frames in only two colours. They were made of a highly inflammable material and had to be stored in thick walled buildings well away from the main plant.

Here is how the building looked in 1972:

The factory moved from this location in 1996 to a building at the airport on the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory. It closed down in 2002.

Thanks to Andrea Hinz for the donation of these frames, another piece of Deseronto’s manufacturing past.

Louis Bardy's signature

On this day in 1915, Louis Bardy enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Kingston. Louis was born in Tyendinaga on February 12th, 1894, the son of Alexander Bardy and Margaret (née Brant), who were Mohawks.

Louis was five feet six and a quarter inches tall, with a dark complexion, brown eyes and black hair. He joined the 26th Battery of the Canadian Field Artillery 7th Brigade with the regimental number 89616. His service record shows that he was in France from May 1916 and was transferred to the 4th Brigade in March 1917. He received a good conduct badge in that month and in January 1919 he was awarded the Military Medal:

Louis Bardy military medal award

Military Medal award for Louis Bardy, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada

Bardy left England on June 23rd, 1919 on the SS Belgic and was demobilized in Kingston on July 3rd.

Louis Bardy died of a fractured skull at Belleville General Hospital on August 24th, 1920, after an accident at the Point Anne cement works. He was buried at Christ Church in Tyendinaga three days later.

Point Anne Cement Works

Point Anne Cement Works (image courtesy of Belleville Public Library)

Francis Vincent Kelly's signature On this day in 1915 Frank Kelly enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force. He was born in Kingston on July 10th, 1893 and was working as a ‘telephone-line man’ when he signed up. He is described as having a fair complexion, blue eyes and brown hair. His next of kin was given as Elizabeth Neville of Deseronto. Kelly’s father, James Dennis Kelly, had also been a telephone line man, and had died of electrocution in Peterborough on July 27th 1898. His mother, Mary Elizabeth Kelly, married Michael Neville in Napanee on February 10th, 1902.

Frank Kelly joined the 28th Battalion which sailed for Britain on May 29th, 1915. His regimental number was 424476.

Thomas Hill's signature

Thomas Hill was born on January 25th, 1876, the son of Henry Hill and Mary (née Loft), who were Mohawks. He married Sarah Brant on December 17th, 1902 and the couple had five sons before Thomas joined the army.

On enlisting on this day in 1915 in Belleville, Hill reported that he had served for 16 years in the 49th Regiment (Hastings Rifles). He joined the 59th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, with the regimental number 454078. He is described as five feet six inches tall, with a dark complexion, brown eyes and black hair.

Thomas’s service record shows that he arrived in England on April 11th, 1916, where he was transferred to the 21st Battalion. He was invalided home to Canada in March 1918, suffering from dilatation (enlargement) of the heart.

Thomas survived the war and in the 1921 census we find him back in the reserve at Tyendinaga, as a farmer, with Sarah, four sons and a three-day-old daughter. He died on July 6th, 1949 and it was determined that this was a consequence of his war service. The following letter was sent to Sarah after Thomas’s death:

Letter of sympathy on death of Thomas Hill

Dear Mrs. Hill:
The Honourable, the Minister of Veterans Affairs, wishes to extend his sincere sympathy on learning that the death of your husband, Private Thomas Hill, was related to his service in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.
You are also advised that the death of your husband being related to his service you will shortly receive a Silver Memorial Cross given by the Canadian Government as a slight token of appreciation of the sacrifice you have made.
As the mother of the late Private Hill will, if living, also be entitled to the Memorial Cross, I am to ask that you be so good as to furnish her full name and present address, or in the alternative, the approximate date of her death.
Yours truly,
G. Robertson,
for Director,
War Service Records

Harold Smart's signature

On this day in 1915 Harold Smart signed up in Belleville. He was born on April 26th, 1893 in Tyendinaga, the son of Henry Smart and Julia (née Moses), who were both Mohawks.

The second page of his attestation paper has not yet been digitized, but his regimental number was 412306. He had previously served as a volunteer in the 49th Regiment (Hastings Rifles).

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